A hot house, a classic problem that almost every home faces because the weather in Thailand is increasing heat every year especially in the hot summer. The temperature rose so fast that it couldn’t be pull down. Building a house, you must consider the design that will help cool the house from the structure. How to design a cool house? HomeGuru has complied information for you.
1. Determine the direction of the house. The layout of the house must consider the direction of the wind. The long side of the house should be in the north and south positions to open the air vent as much as possible. The narrow side of the house should be in the east and west, which must be sunny throughout the afternoon in order to limit the heat receiving area to a minimum.
2. Design the roof correctly. Because the form of the roof greatly affects the temperature in the house. Gable roof, Hipped roof, and Manila shape because of the slope degree of the roof, these shapes will reduce the contact surface to receive heat, better heat prevention than a flat roof parallel to the house and also helps to drain rainwater quickly too. In addition, the color of the roof is equally important. Selecting a light colored roof will reflect the heat from the sun more than dark roofs and don’t forget to put another layer of insulation under the roof.
3. Design the long eaves. In addition to the high roof that can transfer heat well. The design of the eaves extending around the house will protect the heat from the sun and rain splashing during the rainy season as well. Suitable for the weather in Thailand that is both sunny and heavy rain especially the house that uses a lot of glass around the house. These type of eaves will help reduce the heat that will pass through the glass to accumulate in the house well.
4. Design the open terrace. If there is enough space, the wide and open balcony design helps the air to circulate easily, causing the house not to be too hot or humid and can also be used as a resting area and recreation area.
5. Design raise space under the house to be tall and airy. In case of not filling the land before construction, raising the space under the ceiling to prevent moisture from the soil. At the same time, it helps to create wind circulation around the basement of the house and on the house. It can cool the house as well.
6. Choose a wall material that brings low heat such as aerated bricks, wood bricks and fiber board in which all these materials are considered to be better insulation than bricks and prefabricated concrete walls with relatively high thermal conductivity which aside from helping to prevent external heat and also help to keep the house cool as well.
7. Allocate wall thickness. Aside from the material, wall thickness also affects the coolness of the home. Thick walls make it harder to heat through the house. If there is enough budget, house wall construction on the south side and the west that has to receive the most sunlight, 2 layers thick wall will help cool the house.
8. Design the opening according to the wind direction. Because of positioning the door, the windows in the house are important parts of helping the house to ventilate, allowing good heat to transfer. Design of various openings, you must consider the direction of the sun and the wind as well.
9. Set up the Green Roof garden. Aside from planting trees and creating a water source in the house, to add moisture to the house to be cool gardening or planting roof covering, also known as Green Roof, is another idea for a cool house that is both beautiful and can help save energy as well. The advantage of the newly built house is that it can design roof structures, waterproofing systems and various water systems to support the Green Roof garden before construction.