Startled together in the alley! Collapsed wooden house in the middle of Korat from termites, from Matichon newspaper headline on 20th November 2019 that termites are ingenious enemy that can destroy the whole house structure. Sometimes not a big thing like the tornado or 7.5 magnitude earthquake, but Comes from the workmanship of a tiny evil creature such as “termites” that slowly bit and chew on the house. The homeowner was aware that the house was very rotten and almost completely collapsed. In this content, “HomeGuru” takes you to know termites in depth with a way to prevent termites in the long term.

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Photo: https://www.matichon.co.th

Know termites so you don’t have to meet them

If you are the one who doesn’t want to have problems with termites. The first thing to do is get to know the termite first. In order to understand the ecology of the origin and the weaknesses that termites do not like. There are hundreds of termites on this earth. But about 90% of the damage in Thailand is caused by underground termites (Subterranean termites) invasive species of Coptotermes. With studies showing that the damage to buildings caused by this type of termite is higher than 280 million baht per year. Termites that live under the ground will create a pipe path through the fissures or joints of the house. If you found, this termite is 3 meters away, it is still considered unsafe distance.

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Photo: https://www.pattontermiteandpest.com

Raise platform to protect termites from soil

Most termites build nests in the soil and they prefer to live in a location with humid, quiet and dim light. Therefore, a way to protect the house from the outset is to put a termite protection system from the foundation process, as well as designing the house to be airy, well-lit, eliminate dark corners, which are often the habitat of termites.

If the area has a high humidity problem, it is recommended to raise the house up to 60 cm above the ground surface to reduce moisture under the building and to easily observe the paths of termites that will easily rise to the building structure. And also, you can put the termite control system under the building in the future. Plastic sheets should be laid between the ground and the tile floor. In order to prevent moisture from the soil surface penetrating into the house.

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Photo: http://www.timbenetton.co.au/
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Photo: https://entomologytoday.org/

Extracting livelihood paths of termites

Do not let termites have absolute access to food sources in the house. Termites can enter the house to penetrate cellulose through gaps or small cracks on concrete floors, walls, columns, beams, wood, ceiling, door and window frames. Therefore, you have to keep checking around and inside the house to prevent signs of breakage. Once found, you must quickly repair the plaster grout and should not grow too many large trees near the house. Because termites can use the roots of the tree as another path to travel to the house.

Cut food supplies that termites like

Termites are like people, must live by eating. If we like something, then we can eat a lot and can continue to eat. Therefore, reducing the likelihood of termites is equivalent to shortening the home destruction cycle. Termites that eat insects such as humus, which is an organic material that is mixed in the soil, leaves, plant debris and most importantly need cellulose as a staple food which will exist wood or other products that contains cellulose as components such as paper, cotton, carpets, etc.

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Photo: https://www.homelight.com/

Cutting the food path is done by eliminating the pile of wood, leaves, scraps beside the house. Modify the decoration materials or furniture inside the house are other materials that termites do not consume, such as from the sash windows, wooden doors turning into aluminum, wooden floors transform into tiles or vinyl. Stairs and wooden doors, choose to use as iron or hardwood such as red wood, coral wood or old teak wood etc. Recommended to use hard meat does not mean that termites do not gnaw at all. But with the hardness of the wood, termites are therefore difficult to gnaw. However, in case of using wood, always apply termite protection.

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Photo: https://www.residencestyle.com/

Exposure to light to disturb termites

By nature, termites are animals that love peace. Prefers dark and damp places especially termites, soldiers and termites are blind animals. Therefore, there is no need to develop the ability to see. Therefore, the house must be designed with sufficient space for opening. Keep windows open for ventilation or install an exhaust fan eliminate various recesses will help reduce humidity in the home and it is a good termite infestation.

If you notice that any furniture has signs of termites up and can be lifted. Then, lift out to dry in the sun for about 3-4 days, termites will scatter away.

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Photo: https://www.siagroup.com/

Professional termite control

In addition to the natural defense methods mentioned, there is also prevention by means of compressing substances to eliminate termites, sprinkling and spraying directly into the ground building, to make the ground under the building toxic to termites which makes termites unable to penetrate through it.

Lastly, you have prevented all means. But the evil termite still penetrates in to destroy our home. It is necessary to use chemicals specifically for termites. Currently, there are many brands of termite powders to choose from, including powder, water, sprays, and bait pest control systems. Or you can call a termite specialist specifically to get rid of them. You can choose to suit the situation of the severity of termites in the house.

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